Technical and Vocational Education and Training: a promising sector
Technical and vocational education has been recognized as a powerful tool for national development as well as for individual enhancement. Through the skills students would acquire by participating in the program, they become capable to engage themselves in the world of work, earn a decent living, and lead a quality life. However, this has not been so straight forward in many countries, particularly in developing countries like Nepal where the sector is yet to be able to contribute as expected. It is also true that despite weaknesses the sector has been growing fast in many countries, including Nepal. In order to further strengthen the sector, a felt need is to develop its human resource capability so that it could contribute with its full potential. Master in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (MTVET) in KUSOED is an effort towards this direction.
Master in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (MTVET): emergence of an idea
Considering massive expansion of TVET activities in Nepal and also the growing demand of qualified TVET workforce in international market, KUSOED planned this program through a long preparation. Its preparation began by carrying out a feasibility study by interacting with wide group of national and international stakeholders – prospective students, TVET experts, government representatives, non-government actors, industry sector, TVET institutions, media which established that such program is the need of the time. Encouraged by such results, KUSOED began discussion on the design of the program with wider group of national and international experts and developed the program. Accordingly, it is now all set to offer this program, beginning August 2018.
- Address the human resource development needs of TVET
- Prepare TVET system leaders, educators, planners
- Attract young ones in TVET by linking it with socio-economic processes thereby providing promising career prospects nationally and internationally
- Develop TVET focused research capacity
- Promote excellence, opportunity, and leadership in TVET
KUSOED is fortunate to have wider group of partners in designing and implementing this program. Ministry of Education, Nepal, Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training, Nepal are its two main partners. Likewise, KUSOED is in collaboration with several other national and international individuals and institutions including industry sector, TVET institutions, I/NGOs in realizing this program.
The program is also getting financial and technical support from the Swiss National Science Foundation through its grant project R4D (Research for Development). Under this grant a research is being conducted that will explore how the institutional structure of TVET moderates the effect of TVET on the youth labor market situation. It is expected that this research will stimulate the MTVET with new insights. As part of the same project Swiss Federal Institute for Technology in Zurich (ETH) has been supporting the MTVET. Likewise, as partners of this same project, University of Abomey-Calav (Benin), Universidad de Chile, and University of Costa Rica, are also key partners of this program.
The MTVET curriculum: a reflection of the TVET world
A subject committee comprised of academicians and TVET experts drafted the curriculum of MTVET which aims for providing knowledge and skills to students as per the demand of the present time. The designed curriculum has adequate openness providing enough opportunity and flexibility to students to show their imagination, innovation, and creativity. Adequate practical exposure and emphasis on entrepreneurship will also be its key characteristics.
The students takecore courses which includetheories and practices of education, research, statistics, and research projects. There are specialization courses related to curriculum, labor market, human resources, work education, sociology of work and occupation, evaluation of technical and vocational education and training, entrepreneurship and enterprises development, and work-based learning which is a blending of experience in the real world of work and institutional learning.
Program has two concentration areas: TVET Pedagogy, and TVET System Management and Leadership. Students can choose either of these as per their interest. Students in pedagogy group focus on psychology of learning, assessment and measurement, instructional aspects, and mentoring and professional development. Students in system management and leadership group focus on management and leadership, economics and financing, governance and policy analysis, project management.